Indications, risk factors, and outcomes of emergency peripartum hysterectomy: A 7-year retrospective study at a tertiary center in Turkey

Tayfun Vural1, Burak Bayraktar1, Suna Yildirim Karaca1, Ceren Golbasi2, Ozan Odabas1, Cuneyt Eftal Taner1

  1. Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Health Sciences Tepecik Training and Research Hospital, Turkey
  2. Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Izmir Tinaztepe University Faculty of Medicine, Turkey

Corresponding Author; Burak Bayraktar; Email address:


To determine the incidence, indications, the risk factors, complications, maternal morbidity and mortality of emergency peripartum hysterectomy (EPH), and perinatal outcomes at a tertiary hospital, Turkey.
We analyzed 71 cases of EPH from 2012 to 2019 at a tertiary hospital in a retrospective study. There were 142 control patients.
There were 71 EPH out of 69,504 deliveries, for an overall incidence of 1.02 per 1000 births. The main indication for peripartum hysterectomy was abnormal placentation (67.6%), followed by uterine atony (28.1%), and uterine rupture (4.2%). Cesarean section (CS) and previous CS are major risk indicators for EPH. Other risk indicators are advanced maternal age (≥ 35 years) and multiparity. All patients with abnormal placentation had a previous CS. 93% of EPH were performed during and/or after CS, and 7% after vaginal delivery. 69% of EPH were made in total and 31% were subtotal. The three most common maternal morbidity included: wound infection and febrile morbidity (26.7%), bladder injury (16.9%), and disseminated intravascular coagulopathy (11.2%). There were no maternal deaths but perinatal mortality was 4%.
The most common indication for EPH was abnormal placentation. Also, CS and previous CS are major risk factors of EPH. Other risk factors for EPH are advanced maternal age (≥ 35 years) and multiparity. Moreover, all unnecessary CS should be avoided.

Keywords: Emergency peripartum hysterectomy, cesarean section, abnormal placentation, maternal morbidity, maternal mortality

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