Assessment of descending aortic blood flow velocities with continuous wave Doppler echocardiography among healthy Children in South East Nigeria

Josephat M Chinawa1, Awoere T Chinawa2, Bartholomew F Chukwu2, Jude T Onyia2

  1. Department of Paediatrics, College of Medicine, University of Nigeria Ituku/Ozalla and University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital Ituku/Ozalla, Enugu, Enugu State, Nigeria
  2. Department of Community Medicine, ESUCOM, Parklane Enugu, Enugu State, Nigeria
    *Corresponding Author: Josephat Chinawa; E-mail:

The descending aorta velocity is important predictor of aortic disease in children and can be very helpful in some clinical and surgical decision making.
The purpose of this study is to assess the normative values of descending aorta velocity among children from South-East Nigeria. It also aimed to assess the correlation between age, body surface area and mean velocity across the descending aorta.
This is a cross-sectional study where the descending aorta velocity of one hundred and eleven children were enrolled consecutively using digitized two-dimensional and Doppler echocardiography.
A total of 111 children had echocardiography to study their cardiac structures and compute their mean scores of their descending aorta velocity. The mean velocity across the descending aorta was 1.3±0.2m/s with maximum and minimum velocities of 2.06 and 0.84cm respectively. The mean descending aorta velocity in males (1.37±0.24 m/s) was significantly higher than that in females (1.24±0.18); (Student T test 3.09, p = 0.03). There was no correlation between age and mean velocity across the descending aorta (Pearson correlation coefficient; -0.03, p = 0.7) nor between body surface area and descending aorta velocity (correlation coefficient 0.01, p= 0.8).
The presented normalized values of the descending aorta velocity using a digitized two-dimensional and Doppler echocardiography among healthy children will serve as a reference value for further studies and can be applied for clinical and surgical use in children with various cardiac anomalies.

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