A complicated pregnancy: Eclampsia or COVID-19?

Ayse Ozcan1, Yusuf Harun Iren1, Cigdem Kizilay1, Yusuf Ustun2, Cetin Kaymak1, Hulya Basar1

  1. University of Health Sciences, Ankara Training and Research Hospital, Department of Anesthesiology and Reanimation, Ankara, Turkey
    2. University of Health Sciences, Ankara Training and Research Hospital, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Ankara, Turkey

Pregnant women may be infected with SARS-CoV-2 virus and develop serious complications of the disease. Covid-19 causes primarily a respiratory system infection but can also affect cardiovascular, renal, gastrointestinal, and neurological systems. Cardiovascular involvement includes new onset hypertension, myocarditis, cardiomyopathy, pulmonary embolism, and pre-eclampsia like syndrome. We report a confirmed Covid-19 pregnant case presented with eclampsia to the emergency department and undergone emergent cesarean section. Following surgery, she was admitted to the intensive care unit due to hypoxemia and hypertension. After observing lymphopenia and high CRP level with hypoxemia, radiological imaging revealed typical findings for viral pneumonia and nasopharyngeal
swab, which was not carried out at admission, was positive for Covid-19. On the 20th hour of follow-up, she became hypotensive requiring noradrenalin infusion. Echocardiography diagnosed cardiomyopathy with left ventricular ejection fraction of 35-40 % with high levels of NT pro-BNP, hs-troponin, and CK-MB in the patient.
Covid-19 should be considered in complicated pregnancies. In complicated cases, a chest CT scan upon admission may aid in quickly detecting the presence of infection and preventing nosocomial spread of the virus. Cardiomyopathy could be found in pregnant patients with Covid-19 infection. Since cardiomyopathy can be seen in late pregnancy and early postpartum period, it is difficult to distinguish between viral and postpartum cardiomyopathy in these patients. Recognizing the infection earlier will help to anticipate the complications that might contribute to deterioration of the patients, perioperatively.

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